Cardiac afferent activity modulates the expression of racial stereotypes

Recent statistics from USA reveal that Black Americans are more than twice as likely to be unarmed when killed during encounters with police as White people. This is a striking example of how implicit stereotypes in physiologically arousing contexts may influence behaviour even among those who do not consciously endorse them. Notably, laboratory research has replicated this pattern among university students and police officers, demonstrating that people are more likely to misidentify harmless objects as weapons when associated with a Black individual and are more prone to ‘shoot’ unarmed Black targets.

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